Switch/Router Interfaces and Physical Ports

Posted on October 27, 2009. Filed under: CCNA, ICND1 break down |


ICND1 and ICND2 break down

In this section, we will talk about the various interfaces and their corresponding physical ports on the cisco switches and routers.

Let’s take a close look at the output of command “show running-config” running on a Cisco 3560-24PS multilayer switch:

Switch#show running-config
Building configuration…

Current configuration : 984 bytes
!
version 12.2
no service password-encryption
!
hostname Switch
!
!
!
!
!
ip ssh version 1
!
port-channel load-balance src-mac
!
interface FastEthernet0/1
!
interface FastEthernet0/2
…omitted for clarity…
!
interface FastEthernet0/23
!
interface FastEthernet0/24
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/1
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/2
!
interface Vlan1
 no ip address
 shutdown
!
ip classless
!
!
!
!
!
line con 0
line vty 0 4
 login
!
!
end

—————–

As shown above, the cisco switch have 24 FastEthernet interfaces, 2 GigabitEthernet interfaces, 1 VLAN interface, 1 console line and 5 vty lines.

For some types of interfaces, including FastEthernet interface, GigabitEthernet interface, Serial interface, and console line there is an one-to-one mapping between a specific interface and its corresponding physical port on the cisco device. The naming rule is type slot/port. For example, FastEthernet 0/1 interface can be mapped to the FastEthernet port (type) located in slot number 0 and port number 1, as circled in the following picture.

switch_ports

Other types of interfaces, however, are virtue, which means a interface don’t always have a single port as its physical conterpart. For example, vlan 1 on a switch includes all the switch ports.  For another example, vty lines from number 0 through number 4 might all be assigned to one single FastEthernet port on a cisco device.

Let’s run command “show running-config” on a 2621XM router.

Router#show running-config
Building configuration…

Current configuration : 502 bytes
!
version 12.2
no service password-encryption
!
hostname Router
!
!
!
!
!
ip ssh version 1
!
!
interface FastEthernet0/0
 no ip address
 duplex auto
 speed auto
 shutdown
!
interface FastEthernet0/1
 no ip address
 duplex auto
 speed auto
 shutdown
!
interface Serial0/0
 no ip address
 shutdown
!
interface Serial0/1
 no ip address
 shutdown
!
interface Serial0/2
 no ip address
 shutdown
!
interface Serial0/3
 no ip address
 shutdown
!
ip classless
!
!
!
!
!
line con 0
line vty 0 4
 login
!
!
end

—————

Note that the router’s interfaces are very similar to the switch’s. We can map the FasterEthernet interfaces, Serial interfaces to the router’s physical ports. As the following pictures show, this router have 2 slots. The left-side slot, slot number 1 is empty. The right-side slot, slot number 0 have two WIC-2T modules installed. These modules are changable, that is, they can be replaced by other modules such as module WIC-1T.

router1_ports

The following picure is the detail view of slot 0. Don’t forget the interface naming rule: “type slot/port”.

router1_ports_detail

The output of command “show running-config” looks slightly different on the cisco 2811 router:

Router#show running-config
Building configuration…

Current configuration : 455 bytes
!
version 12.4
no service password-encryption
!
hostname Router
!
!
!
!
!
ip ssh version 1
!
!
interface FastEthernet0/0
 no ip address
 duplex auto
 speed auto
 shutdown
!
interface FastEthernet0/1
 no ip address
 duplex auto
 speed auto
 shutdown
!
interface Serial0/0/0
 no ip address
 shutdown
!
interface Serial0/0/1
 no ip address
 shutdown
!
interface Vlan1
 no ip address
 shutdown
!
ip classless
!
!
!
!
!
line con 0
line vty 0 4
 login
!
!
end

—————————————–

As the following pictures show, the 2811 router have 2 slots. The slot number 1 is empty. In slot number 2, we add one WIC-2T module.

router2_ports

Note that the naming rule for Serial port is “type router/slot/port“, which explained what the extra 0/ mean.

router2_ports_detail

Understanding the naming rule for ports on cisco devices is important, because this rule is also used in other commands such as “interface FastEthernet 0/1“.

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[…] * IP Addressing and Binary Conversions * IP Address Classes * Private IP Address Ranges * CIDR network address * Intro to the Routing Process * Routing Process Continued — Behind the “PING” * Basic Router management commands * Switch/Router Interfaces and Physical Ports […]


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